Sunday, July 4, 2010
kort van History of Burma
Geography and Cultures:
Burma is a Southeast Asian country of approximately 45 million and 1 million stay with worked outside country nearly 1 million was refugee ,people in 8 major ethnic nationalities: ethnic Burmans account for roughly 60% of the population, with the Shan, the Karen, the Kachin, and the Karenni being the next most numerous. Burma's diverse,
multicultural society boasts 106 languages and dialects. Most of their main languages is 8 and offical is Burmese languages in Myanmar.The peoples' spiritual faiths also reflect the underlying diversity of history and culture, including Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and varieties of animism. Burma is rich in natural resources, such as precious stones, tropical hardwoods, gas and onshore and offshore energy reserves.
The modern boundaries of Burma are not historical but the legacy of administrative convenience during the sixty years of British colonial rule, which ended in 1948. General Aung San, architect of Burma's independence and broadly revered as the leader of the independence struggle, was able to win the trust of the ethnic nationalities at the Panglong Conference in February 1947 and unified them with the Burmans. Together, all the nationalities participating in the conference demanded independence from the British. General Aung San's assassination in July 1947, just as the Union struggled to be born, is a national tragedy that haunts Burma to this day. The leadership vacuum left by his death gradually led to the breakdown of trust that existed among all the nationalities of Burma.
General Ne Win, claiming that the nation was about to break up, staged a coup in 1962 and instituted a system of governance that ensured the military remains supreme in every aspect of life. That system has lasted 36 years today.
From 1962 to 1988, General Ne Win and his cronies told Burmese way socialist and sealed Burma away from the international community. The peoples of Burma became pauperized by the junta's economic experiments and Burma's status as one of the wealthiest countries in Asia declined to one of the ten poorest in the world.
No justic,No Freedom,Law come from Army meeting , Power come from GUN
The dominating role of the military was assured by subjecting the people to brute force and introducing a pervasive system of surveillance, the use of forced labor, extra-judicial killings, ethnic cleansing, and forced relocation of populations. BURMA Army is owner of country and people is their slave.
In 1988 the peoples of Burma asserted their right to dignity and hope. Students of university started agiant Burma Army and month later Monks, students and workers led non-violent demonstrations and general strikes nationwide calling for democratic reform. In 18 September of that year 1988, the military, calling itself the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) staged a coup and in the process opened fire and killed thousands of unarmed democracy protesters. Over 10000 student went to Thai Burma border jungel who live ethnic freedom group.
To pacify the people, the SLORC held multi-party elections in May 1990. The elections were won by a landslide by the National League for Democracy (NLD) headed by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, General Aung San's daughter, who emerged during this crisis to lead the NLD. With the party it backed winning only a handful of seats, the military embarked on a campaign of terror against the NLD members, elected representatives and political parties. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi was kept under house arrest during and after the elections for six years (from 1989 to 1995).
The NLD managed to win 392 of 485 seats despite the imprisonment of most of its leaders and the junta's strong-arm tactics.
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi continues to be the symbol of non-violent struggle for democracy and has successfully united diverse voices calling for the restoration of democratic freedoms and human rights. The Nobel Committee awarded the 1991 Peace Prize to Aung San Suu Kyi in recognition of her personal courage and her commitment to democracy and non-violence.
The NLD, representing democratic choice and reconciliation, continues to advocate peaceful solutions and dialogue. The generals have consistently refused.
2010 Burma Army will new election for forget 1990 election.
Burma Army don't give power to people.
ျမန္မာျပည္ ဟုအမ်ားလက္ခံသည့္ ေဒသအတြင္းမွ မ်ိဳးတူ လူမ်ိဳးအႏြယ္မ်ား
Posted by Mr Htay Tint at 12:41 AM